Sheikh Mohi ud Din Abdul Qadir Jillani

Abdul-Qadir ibn Abi Salih Musa ibn Abdullah ibn Yahya ibn Muhammad ibn Abu Muhammad Abu Bakr Dawud ibn Musa ibn Abdullah ibn Musa Jawni ibn Abdullah ibn Hassan al-Muthanna ibn Hassan ibn All ibn Abi Talib, and this on his father side so you can see why they call him al-Hassan’ due to his tracing up to Muhammad’s grandson Hassan ibn Ali. On his mother side, she is the daughter of a saintly person Abdullah Sawmai who was a direct descendant of Imam Hussain ibn Ali making the Shaykh also al-Hussaini due to this.

Al-Gilani was born in 1078 CE (471 AH) in a small town of Iranian Gilan Province. His ancestors were Syeds who settled in Gilan (Arabicized to Jilan) hence the epithet of al-Jilan

Sayyed Abu Muhammad Abdul Qadir R.A was born in Naif in the District of Gilan in Persia (Iran) in the month of Ramadan….His father’s name was Abu Salih, a God-fearing man and a direct descendant of Hazrat Imam Hasan R.A., the eldest son of Ali R.A, the Holy Prophet’s (SAW) first cousin, and of Fatima R.A his beloved daughter. His mother was the daughter of a saintly person-Abdullah Sawmai who was a direct descendant of Imam Husain R.A, the younger son of Ali R.A and Fatima R.A. Thus Sayyed Abdul Qadir was both a Hassani and Hussaini.

His complete name Al-Syed Mohi-ud-din Abu Muhammad Abdul Qadir al-Gaylani, al-Hassani wal-Hussaini. Syed denoting his honorific title of descendancy from the Islamic prophet Muhammad, Muhiyudin his title for being known popularly as “the reviver of religion’’, Abu Muhammad his Kunya or nickname (meaning ‘father of Muhammad’), al-Gaylani denoting the region he hailed from although however he also had the epiphet al-Baghdadi (denoting also the city of Baghdad where he was now residing in and therefore also geographically recognized through, eventually being buried there), and al-Hassani wal-Hussaini affirming his lineal descent from both Syed Imam Hasan and Imam Hussain, the grandsons of Muhammad.

His father, Syed Abu Saleh Musa al-Hassani was a direct descendant of the Syed Imam Hassan. He was an acknowledged saint of his day “And was popularly known as Jangi Dost, because of his love for Jihad” Jiang, dost thereby being his sobriquet. His mother Ummal Khair Fatima, daughter of Syed Abdullah Sawmai az-Zaid a descendant of Syed Imam Hussain through Imam Zain ul Abideen, he was known himself as a “great saint of his time and a direct descendant of Hazrat Imam Hussain, the Great Martyr of Karbala”

Education

He spent his early life in the town of his birth. At the age of eighteen he went to Baghdad (1095), where he pursued the study of Hanbali law under several teachers. The Shaikh received lessons on Fiqh from Abu Ali al-Mukharrimi, Hadith from Abu-Bakar-bin-Muzaffar, and tafsir from the renowned commentator, Abu Muhammad Jafar. When he was on the way going to “Baghdad” with a large convoy (Qafila), a group of thieves attacked the convoy and took all of their precious belongings, one of the thieves came to him (Sheikh Abdul-Qadir Gilani) and asked him “Boy, tell me what you have in your luggage”. He replied “I have forty dinars.” The thief searched all of his luggage and could not find the dinars. He then took the boy to his sardar (master) and told him that this boy (Sheikh Abdul-Qadir Gilani) claims he has forty dinars, but after searching his belongings I could not find the dinars. The sardar (master) then asked, “Boy, do you lie?” He replied “No, I am not lying, the dinars were sewn by my mother on the inner side of my shirt.” Then one of the thieves checked and found the money. The sardar then asked him. “Boy, you could have lied to us and could have saved your money, why you didn’t lie?” Sheikh Abdul-Qadir Gilani replied “Before I started my journey, my mother advised me to tell the truth even if someone tries to kill me as Allah frowns upon those who do not speak the truth. After listening to this the sardar began to cry, as this little boy had so much fear of Allah that he did not lie in such a situation. He felt guilt for all his wrongdoings and felt the fear of Allah so the sardar then gave back all of the looted things to their owners.

In Tasawwuf (the sciences of the heart), his spiritual instructor was Shaikh Abu’l-Khair Hammad bin Muslim al-Dabbas. From him, he received his basic training, and with his help he set out on a spiritual journey.

After completion of education, Abdul-Qadir Gilani abandoned the city of Baghdad, and spent twenty-five years as a wanderer in the desert regions of Iraq as a recluse.

Later life

He was over fifty years old by the time he returned to Baghdad in 1127, and began to preach in public. He moved into the school belonging to his old teacher al-Mukharrimi; there he engaged himself in teaching. Soon he became popular with his pupils. In the morning he taught hadith and tafsir, and in the afternoon held discourse on science of the hearts and the virtues of the Qur’an.

He busied himself for forty years in the service of Islam from 521 to 561 Ali. During this period hundreds of thousands of people converted to Islam because of him and organized several teams to go abroad for dawah purposes. He was also the teacher of Ibn Qudamah whom he also designated as a Caliph of his Sufi order. Ibn Qudamah also later fought as a general in Sultan Saladin Ayyubi’s army and conquered Jerusalem from the Christian dominance.

Death

The sheikh died on Saturday night 1166 (08 Rabi’ al-Awwal 561AH) at the age of ninety one years (by the Islamic calendar), and was entombed in a shrine within his Madrassa in Baghdad. His Shrine and Mosque are in what used to be the school he preached in, located in Babul-Sheikh, Resafa (East bank of the Tigris) in Baghdad, Iraq. Worldwide the Sufi orders celebrate Ghouse-al-azham day on 11th at-Thani closest to his birthday not his death-date for respect and elevation of their Shaykh which is 10th of Rabi at-Thani in the Islamic calendar Al-Gilani succeeded the spiritual chain of Junaid Baghdadi. His contribution to thought in the Muslim world earned him the title Mohi-ud-din (lit. “The reviver of the faith”), as he along with his students and associates laid the groundwork for the society which later produced stalwarts like Nur ad-Din and Saladin.

Family

The Shaikh had four virtuous wives and forty-nine children, twenty-seven sons and twenty-two daughters. The most famous of his sons are Shaikh Abdul-Wahab, Sheikh Abdul-Razzaq, Shaikh Abdul-Aziz, Shaikh Isa, Shaikh Musa, Sheikh Yahya, Sheikh Abdullah, Sheikh Mohammed and Sheikh Ibrahim. His sons and grandsons reached the Indian sub-continent throughout the years preaching Islam in his method (Arabic=Tareqa). As they have reached the Western part of the Arab world of North Africa and Morocco, and parts of the Horn of Africa (Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Somalia (a country that predominantly professes to the Qadiriyyah order only in the Sufi sect though small patches of Ahmed ibn Idris’ order is found) ). In Somalia the order is subdivided to Zaylaiyyah order and Uwaisiyyah order. Pakistan Sindh Hazrat Muhammad Shah Baghdadi Now There Tomb in Gambat District Khairpur’mirs and Hazrat Ahmed Shah Baghdadi Now There Tomb in Ranipur District Khairpur’mirs

Among the Sufis, who came to India from Baghdad, and who belonged to the family of Shaykh Abd-ul-Qadir Mani Shah Badr Dewan whose real name was Hasan, and whose honorific title was Badr-ud-Din, is one of the top most Sufis. He stayed near Batala, and laid the foundation of Masania, a kind of inn in his times, but later populated by his children, grandchildren and great grandchildren, became a village of its own culture. His sons are Shaikh Abdul-Wahab, Sheikh Abdul-Razzaq Shaikh Abdul-Aziz, Shaikh Isa, Shaikh Musa, Sheikh Yahya, Sheikh Abdullah, Sheikh Mohammed and Sheikh Ibrahim. His sons and grandsons reached the Indian sub-continent throughout the years preaching Islam in his method (Arabic=Tareqa). As they have reached the Western part of the Arab world of North Africa and Morocco, and parts of the Horn of Africa (Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Somalia (a country that predominantly professes to the Qadiriyyah order only in the Sufi sect though small patches of Ahmed ibn Idris’ order is found) ). In Somalia the order is subdivided to Zaylaiyyah order and Uwaisiyyah order. Pakistan Sindh Hazrat Muhammad Shah Baghdadi Now There Tomb in Gambat District Khairpur’mirs and Hazrat Ahmed Shah Baghdadi Now There Tomb in Ranipur District Khairpur’mirs Among the Sufis, who came to India from Baghdad, and who belonged to the family of Shaykh Abd-ul-Qadir Jilani Shah Badr Dewan whose real name was Hasan, and whose honorific title was Badr-ud-Din, is one of the top most Sufis. He stayed near Batala, and laid the foundation of Masania, a kind of inn in his times, but later populated by his children, grandchildren and great grandchildren, became a village of its own culture.