Sayyed Afif Ud Din Shah Hamvi Jilani

He was born in 1264 AH in Hamah and was thus called Hamvi. He gained his early education from his father and then from other great scholars. Later, he busied himself in thinking about the reforms of man-kind. Hamah was a Centre of scholarship. He was worried about those who were far from Islam and knew no way. Following Sunnah he left his native land and headed to the sub-continent. Travelling on camels, he preached all the way to follow the way of God. As a result of his preaching thousands in Egypt, Syria, Iraq, Iran and Afghanistan entered the world of Islam. After a long travel of migration he settled in Peshawar and busied himself in preaching and reforms. He was a great scholar of Hadith and Fiqah and was a unique speaker. Among his books, Miftah-ul-A’riefin is of considerable importance. It is some 15 hundred pages long and has been divided into three parts. The first part is about the unity of God, the other about prophet-hood and beliefs, while the third one is about mysticism. The language of the book is a combination of Persian and Pashto. This unpublished manuscript is safe at the great Qadriah shrine in Dera Ismail Khan. In this book the writer has also written his genealogy in his own hand and the hand writing is an evidence of the calligraphic skills of the writer. The language is difficult and shows a dominance of Pashto language on Persian. Its translation has appeared in Urdu. The writer says in the book,

This book turns an ignoramus into scholar and if a beggar reads it, he would become rich. If it is read by somebody depressed, he would gain peace of heart and if it is read by a seeker, nothing would remain hidden from him. If he also acts upon it, he would easily attain his objects and will become perfect”. The book contains extensive discussion of mysticism and says, “This book makes a eunuch virile and turns a man into a lion”. Miftah-ul-A’refin is his magnum opus. The prayers included in his meditations have been written in the book. A few of them are noted below:- “O God for the great conduct of your beloved prophet includes my off-springs among those who are obedient to you and for a millennium save their generations from your wrath” He introduced the Muslim Ummah to the teachings of Islam during his stay in Peshawar and propagated the teachings of the Ghaus and propagated the Qadriah method. He died in 1335Ah. His shrine is outside Yakka Tu,t in Sha’d Ba’gh colony, Peshawar. He had two sons Sayyed Gul Badshah and Sayyed Badshah (Sayyed Abdullah). Sayyed Badshah was great saint. With Sayyed Gul Badshah continued the progeny but as Sayyed Ba’dshah was the true successor of the Razzaqiah family and a trustee of its values, so he is next on our list.