Hazrat Sheikh Abdul Razaq

His full name was Abd-ur-Razzaq Bin Sheikh Abu Muhammad Abdul Qadir Bin Abu Saleh, alias Abu Bakr and title was Muhaddis-e-Baghdad. A reputed and respectable Hafiz of Quran and Hadith and a Humbalite by belief, he was born in 528 Hijri, in Baghdad. The same date has been noted in Tibq’t-e-Hinabla and Shajra-tul-Kamleen. His education was undertaken by Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani himself. He learned Hadith from his father in his early age. Allama Ibn-e-Najjar writes in his history that he had learnt Hadith from his childhood from his father, along with many others and also achieved a lot on his own. He had a great love for the knowledge of Hadith and, therefore, collected a large number of important and essential books of this discipline. He received much learning from Muhammad Bin Sarma, Abu-ul-Fazul Armavi, Abu-ul-Qasim Saeed Bin Banna, Hafiz Abul FazI Bin Nasir, Abu Bakar Muhammad Bin Zaghwani, Abu-ul-Karam Bin Shahr Zori and many others of the same rank. Ibn-e-Rajab writes in his Tabka’t that he had great aptitude in Ilm-e-Ma’rfat (Spiritual Knowledge), but was more interested in Hadith.

Hafiz Muhammad Bin Abdul Wahid Humbli says, “He was called Halbi with reference to an eastern district of Baghdad. I never saw a wiser keener and more determined man in Baghdad.” Imam Shaha’b-ud-Din Abu Sha’ma writes in his history, “He was a pious, God-fearing and accomplished man and was contented with little.” Ibn-e-Kaseer writes that “He was pious and God-fearing and there was none better among the children of Hazrat Abdul Qadir. He never accepted riches and status which others accepted. He took little care of the world and attended to the reality of afterlife. He learnt Hadith from many and narrated the same to many.

The writer of Roz-ul-Za’hir describes that many scholars like Dahbi, Ibn-e-Najjar, Abdul Lateef and Taqi-ul- Bulda’ni have cited references on his authority. Imam Muhammad Al Dahbi writes, “When Abu Abdullah Bin Daneesi cited Hadith on his authority he did so with many praises. Mujadid-ud-Din Bin Ibn-e-Najjar, Dia Magdasi, Najeeb Abdul Latif Taqi Buldani, his son Qazi-ul-Quzzat, Abu Saleh Nasr, and others, learnt Hadith from him. He gave” permission to Sheikh Shams-ud-Din Abdur Rehman Bin Abu Umar, Ibn-e-Shiba’n and a group to narrate Hadith on his authority.

For his greatness as a scholar in the matters of Hadith, he enjoyed a distinctive place among Muftis and scholars in Iraq. He loved education and was a man of parts. Many people benefitted from him. The writer of Tazkra-tul-Huffa’z writes: I received through him the Hadith by Hazrat Abu Hurera that the Holy Prophet said that first of all the reckoning of prayers will be made from a man. If that is satisfactory then other good deeds of his will be made accepted; and if it is found lacking, God will ask to see if his nawafil are enough and to compensate for his prayers from that account. This lacking can refer to both the number and quality of devotion of the prayers. God will make up for this lacking in both senses from his nawafil.

He was pious, God fearing, humble, patient and contented man. Noble etiquettes and chastity were his habits. He was an embodiment of modesty. Hafiz Ibn-e-Rajab writes in his Tabqat that for 30 years he never raised his eyes to the sky and his he did out of his humility and God fearing nature. He also wrote a book which is famous by the name of Jila-ul-Khuwatir. He died on 6 Shawal, 603 Hijri. He was buried near Hazrat Imam Ahmad Bin Humbal near Bab-e-Harb. With reference to Ibn-e-Najjar, the writer of Kala’id-ur-Jawahir has noted, when the next day his funeral prayer was announced in the streets of Baghdad, many people gathered and his funeral prayer was offered outside the city from where his person was brought by the people on their shoulders to the great mosque of Rasa’fa and there too the prayer was offered. After that, the funeral prayer took place at Turbat-e-Khulfa, then by the Tigres, then in the neighborhood of Ba’b-e-Hareem and later at Khubia funeral prayers were offered. After that, the funeral prayer was offered near the shrine of Hazrat Imam Ahmad Bin Humble and he was buried there. He had five sons and two daughters, namely , Hazrat Abu Saleh Nasr, Qazi-ul-Quzzat; Hazrat Sheikh Abul Qasim Abd-ur-Raheem; Hazrat sheikh Abu Muhammad Ismail; Hazrat Sheikh Abu Al Mahasin Fazl-ul-Lah; and Hazrat Sheikh Jamal-ul-Mir. The names of the daughters are: Hazrat Bibi Saadet, Hazrat Umm-e-Muhammad Aisha. Our genealogy continues with Hazrat Abu Saleh Nasr.